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Different types of flat weave carpets worldwide

Quite often to some of our social media posts there are comments that, "oh, this carpet is Moroccan" or "this looks so Ukrainian". Even more, my cousin send me last year pictures she received from her friends' trip in Latin America with carpets somehow similar as style with one of our carpets. How that, isn't every culture unique? Of course it is but still:

- the source of inspiration, Mother Nature, with its diverersity of course, it is the same everywhere. A flower is a flower, a buterfly is a buterfly,

- the technique of flat weave carpets was traditionally widespread in many countries accross continents

- the use of natural fibers such as wool or cotton was and it is still very popular.

But of course, every culture has its own particularities and beauty. And we deeply believe in the beauty of our Romanian and Moldavian wool carpets. :)

First, let's see what are the flat weave carpets.

Handmade flat weave carpets, also known as flat-woven rugs or kilims, are a traditional form of textile art. They are created by interweaving the warp and weft threads, resulting in a flat, tapestry-like surface. And now, let's make a tour to see few of the most known flat weave carpets .

1. Kilim: Kilims are the most common type of flat weave carpet. They originate from various regions such as Turkey and the countries around it, Romania included, Iran (Persia), Afghanistan, and Central Asia. Kilims rugs, especially the Turkish rugs, but also the fghan rugs are known for their geometric patterns, bold colors, and intricate designs. They are often made using wool or a combination of wool and cotton.

Source: and

While kilims are most commonly associated with geometric patterns, it is worth noting that not all kilims are exclusively geometric. While geometric motifs are prevalent in kilims, some kilims may incorporate floral elements into their designs as well. These floral patterns can range from simple and abstract to more detailed and intricate. The inclusion of floral motifs in kilims adds a touch of natural beauty and softness to the overall design. However, it's important to remember that geometric patterns remain a significant characteristic of kilims, and floral motifs may not be as common or prominent as in other types of carpets. The more floral carpets are part of the rich textile traditions of Eastern Europe. These carpets have their own unique characteristics and designs. Here are two types commonly associated with these regions:

Romanian Moldavian Carpets: These carpets are known for their vibrant colors and intricate patterns. They are typically handwoven using wool and feature a combination of geometric and floral motifs. Romanian Moldavian carpets often incorporate traditional symbols and elements inspired by nature, such as flowers, leaves, and animals. These carpets are recognized for their fine craftsmanship and cultural significance in Romania and Moldova.

wool flat weave kilim carpet
Traditional flat weave carpet Made with love Romania

Moldavian Kilims: Kilims are also produced in Moldova, particularly in its southern region. Moldavian kilims are characterized by their flat woven structure and typically feature geometric patterns in bold colors. These kilims often showcase a combination of horizontal and vertical stripes, chevrons, diamonds, and other geometric shapes. They are traditionally made using wool and are used as floor coverings or decorative textiles.

Very old Moldavian carpet with roses Made with love Romania
Moldavian antique kilim rug with roses

2. Dhurrie: Dhurries are traditional Indian flat weave carpets that have gained popularity worldwide. They are made using cotton, wool, or a blend of both. Dhurries typically feature vibrant colors and geometric or floral patterns. They are lightweight and versatile, suitable for both traditional and contemporary decor.

Source: Hindicrafts.

3. Soumak: Soumak is a technique used to create flat weave carpets that have a dense, textured surface. The weaving process involves wrapping the weft threads around the warp threads, which creates a braided effect. Soumak carpets often showcase intricate motifs and are commonly made using wool or silk.

Source: Borchaliu Soumak

4. Navajo Rug: Navajo rugs are a type of flat weave carpet traditionally woven by the Navajo people of the Southwestern United States. They are renowned for their beautiful geometric designs and rich earthy colors. Navajo rugs are typically made using wool and feature symmetrical patterns.

Read more about these beautiful handicraft here. 5. Bolivian Frazada: Frazadas are handmade flat weave textiles from Bolivia. They are woven using a traditional backstrap loom technique and are known for their vibrant colors and intricate patterns. Frazadas are often made from sheep's wool and are used as rugs, blankets, or decorative textiles.

6. Moroccan Flat Weave: Moroccan flat weave carpets, also known as "hanbels" or "kilims," are woven by various indigenous tribes in Morocco. They often feature a combination of bold colors, tribal motifs, and geometric patterns. Moroccan flat weaves are made using wool and are popular for their unique and eclectic designs.

These are just a few examples of the many types of handmade flat weave carpets found around the world. Each type has its own distinctive characteristics, reflecting the cultural heritage and artistic traditions of the regions where they originate.

Do you know other styles? Leave us a comment and/or a picture, we will be happy to learn about it!

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